Turizam Volume 19, Issue 1-4
REVISITING THE IMPACT OF PERCEIVED EMPOWERMENT ON JOB PERFORMANCE: RESULTS FROM FRONT-LINE EMPLOYEES
Authors: Ozgur Devrim Yilmaz
Abstract: This study was conducted to examine the probable effect of perceived empowerment on job performance and the sample of research consisted of 230 participants working in tourism sector as front-line employees. The outcomes of this study indicated that psychological empowerment was positively correlated with employee job performance and employees’ job performance were mostly effected from self-determination and impact dimensions of empowerment. Moreover, tests were conducted to analyze the significant differences in participants’ perception of empowerment and job performance according to their demographic characteristics. There was a significant difference between perceived empowerment and gender, age and work experience whereas there was no significant difference between empowerment and education levels. On the other hand, the relationship between job performance and work experience was supported however no relationship was found between job performance and gender, age and education level of the participants. Trying to find out what might possibly lead front-line employees to increased job performance, it can be claimed that psychological empowerment still turns out to be a central issue and therefore this research makes useful contributions to the current knowledge by entirely investigating the direct effect of perceived empowerment on employee job performance in hospitality industry where especially front-line employees spend most of their time directly with customers.
Keywords: Empowerment, job performance, tourism, hospitality industry and front-line employees
Article info: 34-46
Received: December 2014 | Accepted: January 2015