Volume 23, Issue 4a-3, December 2019
PRECIPITATION, HUMIDITY AND CLOUDINESS IN PODGORICA (MONTENEGRO) DURING THE PERIOD 1951-2018
Authors: Dragan Burić, Miroslav Doderović
Abstract: This paper presents the results of a trend analysis of three climate elements: precipitation, cloudiness and humidity. Almost the entire period of instrumental measurements (precipitation and humidity) and visual observations (cloudiness) are covered. In the observed 68-year period (1951-2018), the trend of annual and seasonal precipitation amounts is insignificant. Though, there is a significant decrease in the number of days with precipitation ≥ 1 mm, which implies a movement towards more arid conditions. On the other hand, the number of days with extreme rainfall ≥ 40 and 50 mm is increasing. In Podgorica, the annual statistics of days with snow cover decreases as well. There is also a decrease in the relative humidity and cloudiness, and with both elements the trend is insignificant only in the autumn season. The results of the trend calculation show that the number of gloomy days is more intensively reduced than the number of increasing bright days. In general, the results of the research show that the climate of Podgorica tends to be more arid with more extreme weather events. The climate variations happening in this city are, to small amount, caused by the urbanization process. Podgorica has the character of an urban heat island in a cooler environment, with an average annual intensity of about 0.7°C and the highest in winter (about 0.8°C). The most symptomatic indicator of urbanization is temperature, but anthropogenic heat production in the city (asphalt, constructions, increase of aerosols, etc.) also affects other climate elements. Compared to the non-urban environment, Podgorica has a higher annual rainfall of 100 mm and a lower humidity of 3%, while this difference is not noticeable in the overall cloudiness.
Keywords: precipitation; humidity; cloudiness; trend; Podgorica; Montenegro
Received: October 14, 2019 | Revised: December 23, 2019 | Accepted: December 24, 2019