Volume 25, Issue 2-5, May 2021
PROMOTING URBAN WATER BODIES AS A POTENTIAL STRATEGY TO IMPROVE URBAN THERMAL ENVIRONMENT
Authors: Nedyomukti Imam Syafii
Abstract: Cities are found warmer than in nearby surrounding rural areas due to change in surface properties and lack of evaporation, indicated as urban heat island (UHI). On the other hand, bodies of water have been known to generate a positive impact on the urban microclimate by maintaining a cooler thermal environment. Although researchers have been conducted many experiments and measurements to illustrate its potential benefits, most of them are studied in terms of its capacity to ameliorate the air temperature. In this paper, the benefits of urban water bodies are evaluated regarding their radiation properties. With the main objectives to find a novel approach to take advantage of urban water bodies’ abilities to improve the urban thermal environment, a series of field measurements have been conducted inside an urban scale model. Generally, the measured long-wave and short-wave radiation within the urban canyon shows that bodies of water tend to absorb and store more heat, which in turn generate lower surface temperature as compared to those flat concrete surface.
Keywords: urban microclimate; water bodies; field measurement; outdoor scale model; radiation
Received: January 20, 2021 | Revised: May 25, 2021 | Accepted: June 08, 2021