Volume 20, Issue 2-5, June 2016
HEMP FARMING DEVELOPMENT AND SOCIOECONOMIC POSITION OF BAČKA: EXAMPLE OF ODŽACI
Authors: Vladimir Stojanović
Abstract: Hemp is a very important agricultural crop for Bačka region. For centuries, hemp had been grown in this area and it had a crucial importance not only for the agriculture, but for the industry and trade of this region as well. From uncultivated, poorly inhabited and underdeveloped area in 18th century, Bačka made its way to a promising region in which agriculture and industry represent the backbone of the economic development. Signifcant number of colonial settlements from 18th century and colonization period during rule of Austro-Hungarian empress Maria Theresa recognized growing hemp as their main opportunities to prosper. Later on, in these settlements, the small manufactories for hemp processing were built which eventually had grown into larger factories for hemp fabric production. The town of Odžaci was one of these settlements. From a small colonial settlement, it became one of the important industrial centres in Bačka region.
Keywords: hemp, hemp farming, industry, Bačka, Odžaci
Article info: 88-95
Received: March 2, 2016 | Revised: May 27, 2016 | Accepted: June 3, 2016