Volume 19, Issue 2-3, June 2015
FERTILITY RATES IN TEŠANJ MUNICIPALITY (BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA) IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE 20TH AND THE BEGINNING OF 21ST CENTURY
Authors: Alma Kadušić, Alija Suljić, Dževad Mešanović
Abstract: In the second half of the 20th century, demographic changes of the Tešanj municipality developed in accordance with the complex socioeconomic circumstances in this area. In the period from 1953 to 1991 the population of Tešanj municipality increased by the average annual population growth rate of 1.5%. The biggest impact on demographic trends had the positive and relatively high rates of natural increase. The natural population change of Tešanj municipality in this period was the result of the effect of biological, socioeconomic, psychological and other factors. In this period fertility signifcantly inﬂuenced the rates of natural increase of municipal population. The gradual decline process of the fertility rates, which has started in the 1960s and still lasts, reﬂected on the natural population change and population growth rates of Tešanj population. Additional decrease of the fertility and birth rates, as well as moderate increase of mortality rate was observed. This occurred due to the decrease of the total population, as well as the adverse socioeconomic circumstances after 1995, which resulted in low natural growth rates.
Keywords: demographic changes, natural population change, fertility, population, Tešanj municipality
Received: October 28, 2014 | Revised: November 11, 2014 | Accepted: June 15, 2015