Turizam Volume 25, Issue 1-5
GEOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF CONCENTRATION AS AN INDICATOR OF THE SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF TOURIST ATTRACTIONS IN BELGRADE
Authors: Sanja Pavlović, Radmila Jovanović
Abstract: The spatial structure of tourist attractions can be presented both qualitatively and quantitatively. One of the indicators of the spatial structure of tourism is the index of geographical concentration of tourist attractions. The geographical concentration of tourist attractions represents the ratio of the number of tourist attractions in the observed area and its structural parts and the total number of structural units of the analyzed area. This paper aims to determine the spatial distribution of attractions in the administrative territories of Belgrade municipalities and to establish correlations with tourist attendance. The number and spatial distribution of accommodation capacities are the largest in the central city municipalities so that the number of visitors is the largest in them. At the same time, the central city municipalities have the highest concentration of tourist attractions. For data collection, the authors used field research, OSM (Open Street Maps), Google maps, with software processing ArcGIS 10.2. The research results enabled the definition of the model of distribution of tourist attractions and indicated its application. This model of distribution of tourist attractions shows that they are mostly concentrated in the city center. This also means a small spatial connection of tourist attractions in the city center and peripheral parts.
Keywords: tourist attractions, spatial distribution, geographical index, Belgrade
Article info: 45-54
Received: July 2020 | Accepted: March 2021