Turizam Volume 21, Issue 1-1
MEASURING THE EFFICIENCY OF TOURISM SECTOR AND THE EFFECT OF TOURISM ENABLERS ON DIFFERENT TYPES OF TOURISM (KURDISTAN)
Authors: Fatih Cura, Uma Shankar Singh, Karwan Talaat
Abstract: The research problem observed that the most important need is to understand the different types of tourism available or can get established and what are the different factors called enablers are affecting different types of tourism. The study conducted is exploratory in nature and the inductive approach of research has been taken to frame a new concept with the sample size taken of 160. The geographic scope of this study is set in the Kurdistan region of Iraq with measuring the six enablers of tourism sector namely geographic, public infrastructure, social infrastructure, political stability, competitive environment and security with five types of tourism are health tourism, business tourism, education tourism, religion tourism, sports tourism. For the presentation of concept a conceptual model framed and further reframed based on the outcome of factor analysis. The Frequency, Percentage, Confirmatory Factor Analysis and Regression Analysis are conducted for statistical testing and data analysis. Research objectives formulated are to know how different types of tourism and tourism enablers are affecting the tourism sector, to measure the efficiency of different types of tourism and the status of tourism enablers, to measure the relationship and effectiveness of tourism enablers on tourism sector. The strength of relationship adjusted R2 is 0.615 shows that there is a strong positive relationship in between independent variable (Tourism Enablers) on dependent variable (Types of Tourism). The value of beta is 0.786 can get interpreted as the independent variable (Tourism Enablers) has 0.786 or 78% effect on dependent variable (Types of Tourism). In the future the health and education tourism can also get established, condition to developing all dimensions of tourism enablers.
Keywords: Tourism Enabler, health tourism, business tourism, education tourism, religion
tourism, sports tourism
Article info: 1-18
Received: October 2016 | Accepted: March 2017