Volume 24, Issue 4-6, December 2020
ON THE PERPETUATION AND CONTESTATION OF RACIAL STIGMA: URBAN ROMA IN A DISADVANTAGED NEIGHBOURHOOD OF SZEGED
Authors: Remus Creţan, György Málovics, Boglárka Méreiné Berki
Abstract: Stigmatisation of Roma people has long received attention in the academic literature but the internalisation of stigma among segregated urban Roma has been little researched. By adopting a theoretical perspective on collective identity and (urban Roma) racial stigmatisation, this paper aims to 1) understand the broader nature of urban Roma stigmatisation maintained by the non-Roma people and among the Roma, and 2) better position the internalisation of stigma and the burden of Roma stigmatisation. The paper uses Participatory Action Research (PAR) as a research methodology, taking a disadvantaged neighbourhood of the city of Szeged, Hungary as a case study. The findings suggest that stigmatisation against urban Roma is a process which has deeply rooted historical backgrounds, and current efforts which strive for desegregation and integration of urban Roma will be difficult to implement, as stigmatisation remains in the collective mentality. The importance of this study rests on bringing all major dimensions of stigma together, highlighting what policymakers should consider when addressing them in the longer term. We argue that the existing urban policies towards the Roma people need to be readdressed, with clear power given to the voices of the Roma, particularly from institutions which aim to protect them.
Keywords: urban Roma; racial stigma; internalisation of stigma; segregation; disadvantaged neighbourhood; Szeged; Hungary
Received: September 01, 2020 | Revised: November 02, 2020 | Accepted: November 04, 2020